Potential energy is stored energy. There are different types of potential energy situations that can be applied to a rigid body. As with a particle, the potential energy of holding a rigid body at a certain height can be applied, along with the potential energy of a compressed spring. Refer to equations 1-2.

W = Weight

Δy = Height object is being held at

V_{y} = Potential energy of hanging mass

k = spring constant

Δs = Amount spring is compressed

V_{s} = Potential energy of a spring

An additional potential energy situation that can be considered when dealing with a rigid body is called the work of a couple. The work of a couple takes in consideration of rotational motion. It considers the moment placed on the rigid body, and the angular displacement of that rotation. Refer to equation 3.

M = Moment

(θ_{2} - θ_{1}) = deflected angle

V_{M} = Potential Energy of a couple

Kinetic energy is energy that is being used, and relates directly to motion . As with a particle, kinetic energy for translational motion of a rigid body is represented by equation 4. However, for rotation about a fixed axis, kinetic energy is represented by equation 5, which takes in consideration of the mass moment of inertia and the angular velocity.

m = mass

v = velocity

I = Mass Moment of Inertia

ω = angular velocity

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